As is mentioned on my About page, the Diario de Pernambuco is the oldest continuously circulating newspaper in Latin America, having been founded in 1825. It is also the oldest continuously circulating periodical edited in Portuguese. The first edition, as it were, is above, though it only shows an introduction and two classifieds ads (there were 4 pages in all).
On the date of its founding, Recife wasn’t even the capital of the province of Pernambuco (but rather it was Olinda). It took two years for Recife to become the capital. Regardless, it was born in the Recife neighborhood of São José, in the residence of its founder, the typographer Antonino José de Miranda Falcão. The location of where the newspaper was made moved many times, until 1903, when it settled in its most well-known location (the Praça da Independência in Santo Antônio, often called “Pracinha do Diario” by the residents of Recife), where it remained for the next 101 years. The old building was more recently taken over by the government and made into a memorial/museum for the Diario.
Of all the famous Brazilian writers, Gilberto Freyre was the one who was most closely tied to the Diario. From 1918 to his death in 1987, he wrote a weekly column covering a diverse range of subject matter. In 1925, at the 100 year aniversary of the newspaper, Freyre was charged with organizing a book with an intellectual slant about the Northeast of Brazil, aptly titled Livro do Nordeste. His writings for the newspaper for the first 4 years (during which he was living in the US and writing a series called Da Outra America) were made into a two-volume book set titled Tempo de Aprendiz.
If you’d like to look through the newspaper’s archives, there are a few ways to do it. The quickest way is by visiting this online microfilm archive. The other two ways require being in Brazil: visiting the Fundação Joaquim Nabuco, which has the entire collection on microfilm, or the Biblioteca Nacional, which has the original collection, in paper, and on microfilm, from 1825 to 1986. – Source (PT)
By the way, the first paragraph introducing the Diario (in the photo above) basically says the rather crowded city (of Recife) is missing a daily paper where transactions can be made, people can communicate with each other and news can be published. Proposed for the daily is news regarding purchases and sales, auctions, things for rent, thefts, lost and found, news on slaves that have escaped or been caught, trips, maids, etc.